September 9, 2020 • ☕️ 2 min read
日本語

It must be GoogleMap when we talk about adding maps to our sites. GoogleMapAPI is quite easy to use, but we have to face the performance issue when using it as well.

Problem

Normal
<script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=xxxxxxxx"></script>
<scrip>
  const mapObject = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"));
</script>

We can detect the page speed by using Lighthouse or access https://web.dev directly. If we include GoogleMapAPI like this, we could face the following problems.

Impact caused by third party code

When users access your web site, browser automatically downloads the third party libraries from each CDN. The bigger the library, the slower the page speed.

third-party-code-impact.jpg

Images downloaded in the invisible area

Actually it’s not necessary to download the map images before user can see it.

defer_offscreen_image.jpg

Solution

Problem1: add async defer to script tag

This is recommended by Google’s article.

Adding async, defer to script tag as well as callback makes the browser download GoogleMapAPI after all DOMS being constructed.

<scrip>
  // callback after GoogleMapAPI loaded
  function initMap() {
    const mapObject = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"));
  }
</script>
<script defer async src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=xxxxxxxx&callback=initMap"></script>

Problem2: LazyLoad google map

As the most common UseCase is using GoogleMap to display the address of company or etc, MapAPI isn’t need to be downloaded as soon as the page loaded.

We could implement this lazyload feature easily by Intersection Observer API.

Use
<script>
// include <script src="xxxxx"></script> isn't necessary
function initMap() {
  const mapObject = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"));
}

$(document).ready(function () {
  const mapOb = new IntersectionObserver(
      (entries, ob) => {
        entries.forEach( entry =>{
          // download GoogleMapAPI library when it's DOM is displayed
          if(entry.isIntersecting){
            $.getScript('https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=xxxxxxxx&callback=initMap');
            ob.disconnect();
          }
        });
      },
      {
        rootMargin: '100px'
      }
  );

  // monitor Google map's id=map dom
  mapOb.observe(document.getElementById("map"));
});
</script>

Finish

Congratulations! We solved all the problems. And after re-running Lighthouse again, you’ll find that the Performance score will be increased by at least 10 points.

last_effect.gif


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